Growing Mushrooms At Home
It is not difficult at all to begin growing mushrooms at home. Mushrooms can in fact begin growth in a few weeks if you begin preparing the cultures and substrate right now. The farming of mushrooms is not all that difficult, unlike the growing of vegetables, fruit trees and organic herbs, because fungi is extremely independent, which uniquely sets it apart from other plants. Under the proper conditions, it will actually nurture itself. One batch of fertilized wood chips can produce mushrooms for a number of years.
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The advantage to this fertilization is that you can expand the overall mushroom yield with ease,by buying/producing feasible spawn. If you share the same values as most mushroom enthusiasts, you may like the concept of yielding your own original mushrooms with mycelium. The mycelium is added to an infertile base that has been infused with essential nutrients.
Usually the most time consuming part of the entire process is culturing. This is where you need to check the agar media for contaminated elements. You also must cross examine the mycelium which may be sprouting on your petri dishes to make sure that you aren't growing wild fungus mycelium.
What is the reason for culture performance? Culture performance allows mycelium to become produced which would then migrate towards the sterile material that eventually would become the seeds or spawn which would fertilized the substrate. Culturing may seem like a difficult task but it is very rewarding. This is simply because once you have healthy groups of pure culture, you can put the cultures in a freezer to use later.
Let's discuss the substrate that you will use to grow your mushrooms. Most of the time, you will need to utilize a form of loose substrate like husks or straw elements. Shiitake mushrooms, which can be eaten, are only able to grow on synthetic or organic logs.
These edible mushrooms are grown only if plug spawn or sawdust are utilized. There are a multitude of ways that you can include sawdust spawn or plug spawn on a synthetic or organic log. One of the most used methods is to drill large holes in the wood.
Once the holes are drilled, a hand injector is utilized to directly apply sawdust spawn on the wood. If the mushroom farmer chooses plug spawn, the wooden plugs are easily hammered into the holes and then sealed with a special wax. Most mushroom farmers will cut out small slabs from short pieces of wood which results in a space of colonized sawdust spawn. This space is closed again with a piece of wood. Certainly, you can create holes in the small logs and use plug spawn in the place of sawdust spawn. It's important to note that sawdust spawn will require additional care, so if you need to save time it's advantageous to use plug spawn instead.
When growing mushrooms at home, the varieties of mushrooms including oyster grow very well in plastic bags and bottles. The plastic bags are filled with fertilized substrate and then left in a controlled temperature growth space. The growth space will either utilize a humid temperature through mist or through a central humidifie.